The explosive outbursts of Arab nationalism that would rock the Ottoman Empire must have felt very distant in Damascus just a few years prior. Urban notables had an entrenched interest in the ottoman ideology (Ottomanism). their power derived from the state. in Beirut, Christian and Muslim protests were already growing. In Urban Notables and Arab Nationalism: The Politics of Damascus 1860-1920, Philip S. Khoury covers the period directly before the WWI Arab Revolt and the movements of Arab Nationalism that rose in it’s aftermath.